Biology College of Natural Sciences, Forestry, and Agriculture A major in biology allows students to explore various aspects of our natural world. Tremendous advances in biotechnology, medicine, environmental studies and related areas make biology an important and fascinating field of study. Biology is a broad field that seeks to understand living creatures — from animals and plants to fungi and microbes. Biologists help find cures for diseases, become doctors, save endangered species and more.
What is special about the way sociologists approach topics? The subject matter of sociology is quite often invisible or not directly observable. However sociologists can observe the consequences of such social characteristics as group pressure, authority, prestige and culture.
They then form images of these concepts using what C Wright Mills has called the sociological imagination taking into account the influence in order to view their own society as an outsider might. What sort of questions do sociologists address?
Sociologists want to understand: What are theories, concepts and propositions and how are they used? A sociological issue as a question we seek to answer with a theory or general explanation of a social phenomenon.
A concept is a category of behaviour, events or characteristics that are considered similar for the sake of theory construction.
A proposition is a statement that explains one concept by means of another.
If we seek to discover why racial groups sometimes live in harmony and sometimes so not, we may use the concept of racial harmony to describe the differing ways of relating.
The behavior is defined as indicating harmony exists. We would then state our theory in propositions for example different racial groups will live in harmony in situations where enough work exists for all groups to earn a decent living.
How did the discipline of sociology develop? Sociology developed in the midst of the social and intellectual upheaval surrounding the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century. Three branches of sociology grew from roots in three interest groups: Karl Marx was the first major proponent of the conflict perspective.
He believed that inequality between classes causes conflict between groups of people and that society must change in order to fulfill the needs of all the people.
Auguste Comte was the French scientist who gave sociology its name and promoted the scientific study of society. Herbert Spencer extended his work developing the idea that society was an organic whole that could be studied much like the human body- the beginnings of structural-functionalism.
Emile Durkheim also promoted sociology as a science and strucutural -functionalism as a perspective with his emphasis on social facts explaining other social facts -for example in his classic study ,Suicide. George Herbert Mead focused on how we use symbols, including language and how our use of symbols influences our social dev elopement and social life.
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Max Weber's analysis of the major dynamics of society and social change provides the foundations for much of the sociological theory and research of our time.
His study 'The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism' was an important study of the roots of the industrial Revolution which was sweeping the world in his day.
What are the basic concepts of structural - functionalism, the conflict approach and symbolic Interactionism? Structural-functionalism assumes that order is dominant in society and that social arrangements arise and persist because they serve society and its members well. The conflict approach assumes the dominant process in society is conflict and that society divides into two groups the masses and small elite who exploit them.
The symbolic - interaction perspective assumes that the important action in society takes place around the use of symbols that channel our thoughts and thereby define what is socially comprehensible and incomprehensible. Practitioners of this approach often focus on interaction among individuals in contrast to the other perspective which tend to look more at social institutions.
What are the contributions of Mills, Collins, Parsons, Davis, Thomas and Goffman to the development of these theories?Importance of Nonverbal Communications in Today's Society INTRODUCTION In the late twentieth century, the increase in transportation technology made possible for people to relocate across the world, creating one big melting pot of cultures, subcultures and ethnicities (Ting-Toomey, ).
The Importance of Effective Communication for Business and Personal Relationships Effective communication is important to building strong relationships and succeeding in business. It's a combination of good speaking and listening skills that leads to clear, concise communication at work and personal relationships.
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Many people assume that superior intelligence or ability is a key to success.
But more than three decades of research shows that an overemphasis on intellect or talent—and the. Animal and Veterinary Sciences. College of Natural Sciences, Forestry, and Agriculture.
The School of Food and Agriculture at the University of Maine offers a Bachelor of Science degree in animal and veterinary sciences with an optional concentration in pre-veterinary sciences.